Visualizing One Billion Dollars.

Visualizing One Billion Dollars.

Posted on 30. May, 2008 by in charts and graphs, death and taxes, economics, government, military

Visualiing One Billion Dollars

The Death and Taxes poster contains a lot of information and is great for putting federal spending in context.  However, the de-facto unit of measure is one billion dollars.  I realized that people often have a hard time grasping just what one billion dollars is.  So to provide further context to the poster, I am putting one billion dollars into perspective.

There have been other attempts around the web to imagine what a billion dollars might be, but they tend to obfuscate the problem further.  You can go here and learn that one billion credit cards weighs as much as 78 brachiosauruses or that one billion dollars in pennies would cover 14 square miles, but does that all really mean anything?

Let’s investigate what one billion dollars is and how it relates to us and our world.

Now most people will never see $1 billion themselves.  If you live in the United States, there is a 1 in 800,000 chance that you’re a billionaire, which are about the same odds as winning half a million dollars playing Powerball.  So ingenuity, hard work, and inheritance will net you a better rate of return than the lottery, but for those of us without such gifts, one billion dollars is only attainable when working in groups.

If you have a PH.D. then you already have a leg up on everyone else.  Just gather together 278 of your doctorate friends and add up all the money all of you make during the 40 or so years of your career and presto!, One billion dollars.

Visualizing One Billion Dollars, - Doctorates

Of course if you don’t have a PH.D and consider yourself just an ‘average’ guy, you will have to work a little harder, a little longer, or instead, just round up an additional 312 of your ‘average’ guy friends.

Visualizing One Billion Dollars - Guy

If you’re female you will need another 178 doses of girl power to reach one billion dollars over the course of your collective lifetimes.

Visualizing One Billion Dollars - Girl

If you consider yourself black or African-American you will need almost twice the man/woman power to reach a billion.  An additional 656 lifetime contributions will do the trick.

Visualizing One Billion Dollars - Black

Of course if you are in the unfortunate position of living below the poverty line, it will take an entire regiment of your unfortunate brethren to come up with one billion dollars in a lifetime.

Visualizing One Billion Dollars - Poverty

In reality, the federal budget is an annual process, so understanding a billion dollars in terms of lifetime incomes is only of moderate use.  To bring it down to the annual level, you are going to need a lot of friends.  This is assuming you and your friends represent the mean American.  That’s mathematical mean.  I’d imagine an unearthly level of charm is required to achieve this number of friends.

Visualizing One Billion Dollars

When relating to federal spending, we ultimately have to relate to taxes.  So here is the amount of people required to support one billion dollars in federal spending.    To put it another way, the taxes paid by everyone living in New York City when they efile their taxes in April is almost half of the annual cost of the war in Iraq.  You would have to tax everyone in L.A., Chicago, Houston, Philadelphia, and Detroit to come up with the rest.  Again, this is assuming everyone in New York is an ‘average’ American, which is certainly not the case considering 40 of the aforementioned billionaires live there.  But you get the idea.

Visualising One Billion Dollars - Taxes

Before we get too far along on a socioeconomic tangent, lets switch gears.  If you happen to be so lucky as to win the Powerball lottery jackpot, odds being 1 in 146 million, then you are well on your way to being a billionaire.  Now all you have to do is win the jackpot every time for the whole year.  Impossible?  Surely not, why the odds are only 1 in 8 septendecillion.  That’s 55 digits.  If you are a string theorist, you might find those odds attractive.

Visualizing One Billion Dollars - Lotto

Now that you are the luckiest person ever to live, what are you going to do with your winnings?  Blow it on something totally ridiculous of course.  That’s right, with your one billion dollar bank account you could purchase every action figure in sold in the US for a year.  Or all the video games for a few weeks.  I think we know that a year long reign as Lord of the Plastic Figurine to be the awesomer option.

Visualizing One Billion Dollars - Toys

Now forget that pipe dream! We are relating to government spending here and the gov’ment ain’t got time fer toys.  Instead of a nations’ worth of plastic superheros, one billion dollars can buy you half a plane.  Now, if we are talking strict off-the-line unit cost, then you could fly away in a B-2 with $250 million in cash stuffed in the weapons bay.  But you would first have to find someone to foot the R&D costs for you, which isn’t likely.  So $2.2 Billion is the total get-my-money’s-worth price for a B-2.  A bit out of reach for a lowly one billionaire.

Visualizing One Billion Dollars - B2

The black market is where the action for the warlord on a budget.  Especially in Africa where a slightly used AK-47 will cost you 1/4 the price it would if it were bought in the Middle East; around $200.  One billion dollars could corner the entire black market for firearms.  You would need substantially more if you wanted to do it legally, providing the U.S. alone with $1.2 billion.  We are talking small arms here — machine guns, pistols, rifles, grenades, etc, which is only about 20% of the total international arms trade.  Even still, there is plenty of guns to go around, approximately one for every man, woman, and child in North America.  If you include military small arms, we will have to arm up South America as well.

Visualizing One Billion Dollars - Arms Trade

Edit: I tried for about 45 minutes to think of a clever segue from fire arms to breakfast cereal but failed.  If you think of one let me know and I will credit you.

If you bought up all the stock you would enjoy the benefits of General Mill’s one billion dollars in profits.  That’s a lot of Boo Berry.  Yes, to further put the figure into perspective, this food giant, whose cereal you have grown up, with can put together one billion dollars worth of profit on $11 billion in sales.  This would place them somewhere around 200 on the Fortune 500 and 250 on the global Forbes 2000 lists.

Visualizing One Billion Dollars - Cereal

Breakfast peddlers can’t hold a candle to the sheer monetary force of international war-making.  The entire yearly profit of a sprawling Fortune 500 company could be absorbed over a weekend in Iraq.  The war in Iraq is the first war in which we have had to borrow money from foreigners since that Revolutionary one we fought 225 years ago.  Back then the movies cost a nickle and a war was only $15 million.  Even adjusted for inflation and its not more than a week’s worth of Iraq’s expenses.  In fact, as you read this post, it’s costing $6,024 per second to wage war over there.

Visualizing One Billion Dollars

Two days in Iraq, annual income of 25 thousand people, a years worth of lotto winnings, its all one billion dollars.  I hope the preceding images have put that dollar amount into some perspective and that the information in the Death and Taxes poster is of a bit more use.  The National Cancer Institute receives $5 billion per year; that’s 10 days in Iraq, the cost of two and a half B-2’s, the tax revenue from half a million people,  every lotto jackpot for five years, etc.

To really understand federal spending, we need to put the information in to a larger context.  That is what the poster if for.  To relate federal spending to ourselves, we need to bring this large numbers down to eye level.  Hopefully, the next time you hear that the government spent ABC billion on XYZ you will think, “That’s a lot of action figures!”

There tons of places where you can play a game of classic Risk with other players online.  Some have better  graphics and experience than others.  Most of the Risk sites are rated and review at play risk online if you are looking for a good online strategy game with friends.

Source: People. Guns. Toys. Lotto. Planes. War. Boo Berry.

This blog and website is supported by sales of the Death and Taxes poster. Please consider supporting this project by buying one or two of the really cool posters which are all new for 2009!

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  1. Randy, June 16, 2008:

    You gotta make that a companion poster. Come up with 4 more comparisons, and align them together with the first 12 in a 4×4 square, and put that Iraq/Afghan war one on the other side, the same size as the four by four square.

    I’d buy it. 🙂

  2. Edward SKaats, September 17, 2008:

    I would like to be able to come to this site daily and see what the debt is for each person in this country, it is just numbers when the news says the government has taken on 4oo billion in bail outs but it might hit home more if you saw how much this was for each man, woman, and child in the country.

  3. Jess, September 17, 2008:

    Ed, that is a great idea. I am sure the average American would love to know how much they have to pay to save AIG. You can bet that if the cost is over the price of a Blockbuster rental, people will be pissed!

  4. carl, September 18, 2008:

    The easist way to visualize a billion dollars, is $3.33 per American.
    Per capita numbers aways bring things in to perspective. Because whenever the govt spends one billion, $3.33 will come out of your pocket eventually.

  5. Jess, September 18, 2008:

    Right, I did similar math for the 2009 poster. A billion dollars is $4 per taxpayer on average + $20 per corporation on average + $1 per employee, then you tax estates and gifts to the tune of $40 million and finally you have to borrow another $140 million to cover the $1 billion.

  6. carl, September 18, 2008:

    On the $80 Billion AIG bailout, that will cost each American $250 or so. But it is a loan so if AIG pays it back at a high interest rate, then perhaps we will get it back. But if AIG failed, and every company in your life had to suddenly get a new insurance policy, you would probably pay a bit more for nearly everything you do.

  7. Jess, September 18, 2008:

    So my math, for AIG, you have to pay $320, your boss has to pay $20 plus $80 for every employee, the government has to raise another $3.2 billion in estate taxes, and finally borrow $11.2 billion from China. Now THAT is impact.

    But your right, it is a loan, and AIG could pay it back plus interest, but do you think the government will pass the profit on to the American public? I have full confidence in the government’s ability to squander any and all surpluses or profits.

  8. David, September 26, 2008:

    Re: segue from military to general mills. Another general, General Dynamics net income in 6 months is $1B. Similar to Virtucon, General Dynamics makes weapons, munitions, combat vehicles and has a small factory in Chicago that makes miniature models of factories.

  9. andrew herman, September 26, 2008:

    Boy, a billion dollars is staggering. I would like to know, with our congress about set to bail out wall street at the tune of one trillion, which is what it will end up at, if this was a cash only deal, just how long would it take our treasury to print a trillion dollars in 100 dollar bills?

  10. HocusSmokus, November 16, 2008:

    Here’s a comparrison for you; I can give my wife $1000.00 a day for roughly three years, and that’s a million dollars, however, I can give my thousand woman harem a $1000.00 every day to each wife for the same three years, and that’s a billion = 1000 wives, $1000 per day, three years. That’s alot of shopping

  11. D Hutch, January 16, 2009:

    Much of the public is ill informed the “Bail-out” is NOT going to be paid back. Only the Auto companies are having to pay back Loans , money is from the TARP package but Bush and Paulson want the initial Financial institutions To have money for FREE. The media and others are NOT doing a good job reporting this. Mother Jones , Progressive Populist CNN , MSNBC have very good accounts of this THEFT

  12. M, January 26, 2009:

    Mindblowingly depressing how these ‘elected’ custodians of our money squander it. They really should be told it’s just not on!

  13. mgrimes, February 13, 2009:

    please make this into a poster. The work needs to be visualized en masse

  14. martadinata, February 16, 2009:

    i am have money 1 billion and certificate, how changer ? thank you.


  15. VikingJames, May 7, 2009:

    Movies did not cost a nickel during the revolutionary war, in part because there were no movies to go see … I know, that’s nitpicky. Good comparisons and analysis, though, and good imagery.

  16. Dave, May 30, 2009:

    Funny how a billion dollars is always compared to by some kind of defense spending. How about visualizing a billion dollars vs how much it costs each year for illegals and their free healthcare & education.

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